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Social distancing to slow the US COVID-19 epidemic: Longitudinal pretest–posttest comparison group study

August 11, 2020 0

Summary: by Mark J. Siedner, Guy Harling, Zahra Reynolds, Rebecca F. Gilbert, Sebastien Haneuse, Atheendar S. Venkataramani, Alexander C. Tsai Background Social distancing measures to address the US coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic may have notable health and social impacts. Methods and findings We conducted a longitudinal pretest–posttest comparison group […]

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Development and validation of a model for predicting incident type 2 diabetes using quantitative clinical data and a Bayesian logistic model: A nationwide cohort and modeling study

August 7, 2020 0

Summary: by Lua Wilkinson, Nengjun Yi, Tapan Mehta, Suzanne Judd, W. Timothy Garvey Background Obesity is closely related to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The prevention of T2D has become imperative to stem the rising rates of this disease. Weight loss is highly effective in […]

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Relative contribution of diet and physical activity to increased adiposity among rural to urban migrants in India: A cross-sectional study

August 7, 2020 0

Summary: by Sanjay Kinra, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Jenny A. Cresswell, Liza J. Bowen, Tanica Lyngdoh, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Kolli Srinath Reddy, Mario Vaz, Anura V. Kurpad, George Davey Smith, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Shah Ebrahim Background In common with many other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), rural to urban migrants in India […]

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Disparities in United States hospitalizations for serious infections in patients with and without opioid use disorder: A nationwide observational study

August 7, 2020 0

Summary: by June-Ho Kim, Danielle R. Fine, Lily Li, Simeon D. Kimmel, Long H. Ngo, Joji Suzuki, Christin N. Price, Matthew V. Ronan, Shoshana J. Herzig Background Patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) who are hospitalized for serious infections requiring prolonged intravenous antibiotics may face barriers to discharge, which could […]

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A gender-sensitised weight-loss and healthy living program for men with overweight and obesity in Australian Football League settings (Aussie-FIT): A pilot randomised controlled trial

August 6, 2020 0

Summary: by Dominika Kwasnicka, Nikos Ntoumanis, Kate Hunt, Cindy M. Gray, Robert U. Newton, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jenny L. Olson, Joanne McVeigh, Deborah A. Kerr, Sally Wyke, Philip J. Morgan, Suzanne Robinson, Marshall Makate, Eleanor Quested Background Recent evidence shows that sport settings can act as a powerful […]

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Temporal variations in the distribution of self-harm episodes and methods across the Australian asylum seeker population: An observational study

August 6, 2020 0

Summary: by Kyli Hedrick, Gregory Armstrong, Guy Coffey, Rohan Borschmann Background Temporal patterns in the frequency and characteristics of self-harm episodes across the Australian asylum seeker population may have implications for self-harm prevention and public health policy. The aim of this study was to examine how the distribution of self-harm […]